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Cultivar Performance Gallery

This database includes 73 cider apple cultivars grown at the Northwestern Washington Research and Extension Center, Mount Vernon, WA. Cultivars included are heritage cider apples from England and France as well as some historical American cultivars that were first grown in colonial days.

Classification is with the English system, which divides cider apples into 4 categories based on the tannins and acid present in the pressed juice. The orchard site has a marine climate with cool summers and mild winters. Some cultivars are classified differently at this site than they were classified in England.

Sharp

Bittersharp

Low tannin < 0.2

High acid > 0.45

High tannin > 0.2

High acid > 0.45

 

Sweet

Bittersweet

Low tannin < 0.2

Low acid < 0.45

High tannin > 0.2

Low acid < 0.45

 

Data collection is from 2002 to 2017, and average values are presented. Bloom density and productivity ratings are subjective, using a scale of 1-5 where 1 = very sparse bloom/fruit, 2 = light bloom/fruiting, 3 = moderate bloom/fruiting, 4 = abundant bloom/fruiting, 5 = snowball bloom/overloaded fruiting. Blind wood rating is subjective, using a scale of 1-5 where 1 = no bare areas, 2 = few bare areas 4-6 inches, 3 = several bare areas 4-6 inches, 4 = several bare areas 8-12 inches, 5 = numerous branches with bare areas 12 inches or more. Juice characteristics were measured for 250 mL. of juice, and juice yield was measured from 25 fruit (2015-2017 only). Observations were recorded for disease susceptibility, vigor, and growth habit. Sensory evaluation of single-varietal ciders was performed by professional cider makers in the region.

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A – D

 

Cider Apple Variety: Amere-de-Berthcourt

Amere de Berthcourt

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

Color gold, moderately to highly bitter. Astringent with long bitter aftertaste, good blender to boost bitterness. Honey, vanilla, artificial fruit. 

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.34
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.20
  • pH: 4.11
  • SG: 1.049
  • oBrix: 12.2

Harvest: 9/25

Bloom: 5/3

Bloom Density: 3.5

Productivity rating: 3.2

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.02

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 288

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.5
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Bittersweet

Origin: France

Notes: Rootstock/s Bud 9, M9

Cider Apple Variety: Amere-Forestier

Amere Forestier

Sweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.34
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.20
  • pH: 3.93
  • SG: 1.046
  • oBrix: 11.5

Harvest: 10/18

Bloom: 5/18

Bloom Density: 2.8

Productivity rating: 2.9

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.50

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 255

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Sweet

Origin: France 

Notes: Rootstock/s Bud 9

Cider Apple Variety: Ashmeads-Kernel

Ashmead’s Kernel

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid):
  • Acid (percent malic acid):
  • pH:
  • SG:
  • oBrix

Harvest:

Bloom:

Bloom Density:

Productivity rating:

Fruit diameter (inches):

Juice Yield (mL/lb):

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Upright Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Sharp

Origin: England 

Notes: Rootstock/s G935

Cider Apple Variety: Bedan-de-Parts

Bedan de Parts

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.14
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.18
  • pH: 4.43
  • SG: 1.051
  • oBrix 10.7

Harvest: 10/1

Bloom: 5/18

Bloom Density: 2.8

Productivity rating: 2.0

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.42

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 247

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Bittersweet

Origin: France

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cider Apple Variety: Blanc-Mollet

Blanc Mollet

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color deep gold, mild to moderately bitter. A medium bodied bittersweet cider with light flavors & aromatics. Medium length finish with a bitter & mildly astringent aftertaste. A nice addition to a bittersweet blend.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.20
  • Acid (percent malic acid):0.15
  • pH: 4.31
  • SG: 1.046
  • oBrix 11.2

Harvest: 9/4

Bloom: 5/13

Bloom Density: 2.7

Productivity rating: 3.0

Fruit diameter (inches): 1.78

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 275

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.5
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin: France

Notes: Rootstock/s Bud 9

Cider Apple Variety: Bouteville

Bouteville

Sweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.14
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.16
  • pH: 4.55
  • SG: 1.052
  • oBrix 12.4

Harvest: 9/11

Bloom: 5/8

Bloom Density: 3.0

Productivity rating: 4.0

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.11

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 458

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 1.5
  • Growth Habit: Semi Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sweet

Origin: France

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cider Apple Variety: Bramleys-Seedling

Bramley’s Seedling

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.09
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.11
  • pH: 3.12
  • SG: 1.045
  • oBrix 11.2

Harvest: 9/24

Bloom:   5/6

Bloom Density: 3.1

Productivity rating: 3.1

Fruit diameter (inches): 3.86

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 253

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 2.5
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sharp

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s M26

Cider Apple Variety: Bramtot

Bramtot

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.50
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.32
  • pH: 4.04
  • SG: 1.057
  • oBrix 13.1

Harvest: 9/15

Bloom: 5/10

Bloom Density: 4.1

Productivity rating: 3.2

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.21

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 374

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi-alternate


Bittersweet

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cider Apple Variety: Breakwell-Seedling

Breakwell Seedling

Bittersharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.20
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.72
  • pH: 3.28
  • SG: 1.041
  • oBrix 10.1

Harvest: 9/6

Bloom: 5/19

Bloom Density: 3.9

Productivity rating: 3.1

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.43

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 260

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Bittersharp

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s M26

Cider Apple Variety: Browns-Apple

Brown’s Apple

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color amber; sharp. Good balance, a little bland, would benefit from blending, nice nose. Citrus, apple, fresh cut grass, butterscotch, honey.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.10
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.74
  • pH: 3.23
  • SG: 1.039
  • oBrix 10.2

Harvest: 9/27

Bloom: 5/11

Bloom Density: 3.5

Productivity rating: 2.8

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.74

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 262

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Sharp

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM106

Cider Apple Variety: Brown-Snout

Brown Snout

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color amber; mildly bittersweet. Stand-alone single-varietal cider; good body, balance & mouth feel; juice needs acid adjustment prior to fermentation. Easy to drink even as a single varietal. Makes a darker viscous cider. Apple, slight banana, nutty, butterscotch.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.16
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.31
  • pH: 3.64
  • SG: 1.051
  • oBrix 12.9

Harvest: 10/18

Bloom: 5/22

Bloom Density: 3.8

Productivity rating: 3.5

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.28

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 281

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Bittersweet

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM106, M9, M27

Cider Apple Variety: Brown-Thorn

Brown Thorn

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.16
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.20
  • pH: 4.20
  • SG: 1.048
  • oBrix 12.2

Harvest: 10/8

Bloom: 5/19

Bloom Density: 2.4

Productivity rating: 2.7

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.42

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 253

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin: France/England

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cider Apple Variety: Bulmers-Norman

Bulmer’s Norman

Sweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

Color gold, mildly bitter, bittersweet. Good balance, light body for a bittersweet. Cider a little thin, aftertaste short-lived but astringent, builds and lingers, refreshing.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.20
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.22
  • pH: 4.09
  • SG: 1.046
  • oBrix 11.3

Harvest: 9/12

Bloom: 5/8

Bloom Density: 4.5

Productivity rating: 2.8

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.95

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 247

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sweet

Origin: France/England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM106

Cider Apple Variety: Campfield

Campfield

Sweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.17
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.23
  • pH: 4.38
  • SG: 1.055
  • oBrix 12.8

Harvest: 10/21

Bloom: 5/2

Bloom Density: 3.4

Productivity rating: 2.2

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.89

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 159

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sweet

Origin: USA, early colonial

Notes: Rootstock/s MM106

Cider Apple Variety: Cap-of-Liberty

Cap of Liberty

Bittersharp

Cider sensory evaluation:
Color gold to slightly amber; moderately bitter, bittersharp. Unbalanced, bitterness lingers, body viscous but not heavy. Long bitter aftertaste, sour, need to have acids balanced, complex spicy flavors will be enhanced when balanced.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.20
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 1.14
  • pH: 3.14
  • SG: 1.047
  • oBrix 11.8

Harvest: 10/7

Bloom: 5/5

Bloom Density: 4.2

Productivity rating: 3.1

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.26

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 249

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersharp

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106, Bud 9

Cider Apple Variety: Chisel-Jersey

Chisel Jersey

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color golden amber, full English bittersweet. Barnyard character typical of English farmhouse cider. Slight citrus & fruitiness accompanied by pronounced bitterness. Very long tannic, astringent finish. Good for structure, character & complexity in a blend.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.42
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.25
  • pH: 4.31
  • SG: 1.056
  • oBrix 13.8

Harvest: 9/29

Bloom: 5/19

Bloom Density: 3.3

Productivity rating: 3.0

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.65

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 232

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Bittersweet

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM106

Cider Apple Variety: Cimitiere

Cimitiere

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.23
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.13
  • pH: 4.51
  • SG: 1.039
  • oBrix 10.1

Harvest: 10.9

Bloom: 5/29

Bloom Density: 2.7

Productivity rating: 3.0

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.09

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 249

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin: France

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cider Apple Variety: Cort-Pendu-Rose

Cort Pendu Rose

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.11
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.81
  • pH: 3.26
  • SG: 1.048
  • oBrix 11.8

Harvest: 10/11

Bloom: 5/19

Bloom Density: 2.7

Productivity rating: 2.8

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.50

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 348

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.5
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Sharp

Origin: France

Notes: Rootstock/s Bud 9

Cider Apple Variety: Dabinett

Dabinett

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

Color amber, moderate bittersweet. Has body and astringency, tannins are harsh and tend to dominate flavor. Good alone for those who like a stout cider, otherwise blend to soften tannin; good nose. Apple, raisins. 

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.24
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.22
  • pH: 4.41
  • SG: 1.055
  • oBrix 13.5

Harvest: 10/14

Bloom: 5/19

Bloom Density: 3.7

Productivity rating: 3.7

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.49

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 242

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.5
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Bittersweet

Origin: France/England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106

Cider Apple Variety: Domaines

Domaines

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color gold, mildly bitter. Nice tannin and aroma with light body and medium length finish. Fruity aftertaste. A pleasant cider with complex flavors. Needs acid addition for full balance.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.26
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.20
  • pH: 4.27
  • SG: 1.050
  • oBrix 13.1

Harvest:  9/29

Bloom: 4/29

Bloom Density: 4.1

Productivity rating: 2.4

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.73

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 257

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Bittersweet

Origin: France

Notes: Rootstock/s M9, MM.106

Cider Apple Variety: Doux-Normandie

Doux Normandie

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.29
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.33
  • pH: 3.80
  • SG: 1.047
  • oBrix  11.8

Harvest: 10/6

Bloom: 5/12

Bloom Density: 3.7

Productivity rating: 3.1

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.43

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 258

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin: France

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

 

E – K

 

Cider Apple Variety: Ellis-Bitter

Ellis Bitter

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid):
  • Acid (percent malic acid):
  • pH:
  • SG:
  • oBrix

Harvest:

Bloom:

Bloom Density:

Productivity rating:

Fruit diameter (inches):

Juice Yield (mL/lb):

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing:


Bittersweet

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s G935

Cider Apple Variety: Fillbarrel

Fillbarrel

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.19
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.22
  • pH: 3.67
  • SG: 1.045
  • oBrix 11.2

Harvest: 10/8

Bloom: 5/1

Bloom Density: 2.7

Productivity rating: 3.0

Fruit diameter (inches): 258

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 310

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cider Apple Variety: Finkenwerder-Herbstprinz

Finkenwerder Herbstprinz

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color yellow, sharp, multi-purpose apple. Light bodied acidic cider with a clean, dry, medium length finish. Good acid source for blending. 

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.07
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.98
  • pH: 3.21
  • SG: 1.055
  • oBrix  13.2

Harvest: 9/22

Bloom: 5/5

Bloom Density: 3.8

Productivity rating: 3.2

Fruit diameter (inches): 3.42

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 242

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Tip Bearing
  • Blind Wood: 2.5
  • Growth Habit: Semi Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sharp

Origin: Germany

Notes: Rootstock/s M9, MM.106

Cider Apple Variety: Foxwhelp

Foxwhelp

Bittersharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color amber, mildly bitter. No outstanding character, will add some body and lot of acid to blends; earthy tones. Best use as blender. Sharp apple, pear, butterscotch.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.17
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.69
  • pH: 3.20
  • SG: 1.048
  • oBrix 12.0

Harvest: 10/4

Bloom: 5/5

Bloom Density: 3.8

Productivity rating: 2.9

Fruit diameter (inches): 3.18

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 256

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Bittersharp

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106, M27

Cider Apple Variety: Frequin-Rouge

Frequin Rouge

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color golden amber, moderately bitter. Viscous with some body, astringent with complex aromas. May be best as a blender to boost tannins and add complexity. Cidery, nutmeg, vanilla, slightly warms the back of the mouth, moderate bitter aftertaste lingers.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.30
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.26
  • pH: 4.17
  • SG: 1.047
  • oBrix 11.4

Harvest: 10/2

Bloom: 5/7

Bloom Density: 4.1

Productivity rating: 3.1

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.31

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 251

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.5
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Bittersweet

Origin: France

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106

Cider Apple Variety: Golden-Harvey

Golden Harvey

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid):
  • Acid (percent malic acid):
  • pH:
  • SG:
  • oBrix

Harvest:

Bloom:

Bloom Density:

Productivity rating:

Fruit diameter (inches):

Juice Yield (mL/lb):

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing:


Sharp

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s G935

Cider Apple Variety: Golden-Russet

Golden Russet

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color straw, medium sharp. Full-bodied, alcoholic, complex aromatics with good acid. Medium length Sauvignon Blanc finish. Excellent base for dessert apple cider blend.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.10
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.66
  • pH: 3.58
  • SG: 1.061
  • oBrix 15.4

Harvest: 10/3

Bloom: 4.19

Bloom Density: 4.7

Productivity rating: 3.9

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.83

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 219

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Tip Bearing
  • Blind Wood: 2.5
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Sharp

Origin: USA

Notes: Rootstock/s M26

Cider Apple Variety: Granniwinkle

Granniwinkle

Sweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color straw, moderately sharp. Clean, crisp and fruity light bodied cider with
short finish and refreshing aftertaste of melon, currant, honey and dried fruit.
Would work well as Champagne style cider or blend.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.08
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.30
  • pH: 3.90
  • SG: 1.045
  • oBrix 11.0

Harvest: 9/2

Bloom: 4/27

Bloom Density: 4.3

Productivity rating: 3.8

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.71

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 228

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Sweet

Origin: USA

Notes: Rootstock/s Bud 9, M26

Cider Apple Variety: Gravenstein-Red-Worthen-cv

Gravenstein, Red (Worthen cv.)

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

Color gold, sharp. Good aroma but cider not complex, sour with a lingering tang, fruit should be fully ripe. Short aftertaste, refreshing character, easy to drink, sweetening would enhance balance. 

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.07
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.56
  • pH: 3.49
  • SG: 1.052
  • oBrix 12.6

Harvest: 8/28

Bloom: 4/24

Bloom Density: 4.2

Productivity rating: 4.1

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.92

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 235

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Sharp

Origin: Denmark (mid 1600s)

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cider Apple Variety: Grimes-Golden

Grimes Golden

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.07
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.61
  • pH: 3.45
  • SG: 1.052
  • oBrix 12.2

Harvest: 10/14

Bloom: 4/24

Bloom Density: 4.6

Productivity rating: 4.2

Fruit diameter (inches): 3.11

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 202

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Sharp

Origin: USA

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cider Apple Variety: Grindstone

Grindstone

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.10
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.58
  • pH: 3.49
  • SG: 1.061
  • oBrix 13.7

Harvest: 10/25

Bloom: 4/30

Bloom Density: 2.7

Productivity rating: 2.8

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.74

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 251

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Tip Bearing
  • Blind Wood: 4.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Sharp

Origin: USA

Notes: Rootstock/s Bud 9

Cider Apple Variety: Harrison

Harrison

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color gold, moderately sharp. Well balanced with delicate flavors & aromas. Soft, rounded mouth feel and good fruit character with a peachy, smoky, mildly astringent finish. This cider tends to not ferment to complete dryness. A wonderful single varietal or blender.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.10
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.64
  • pH: 3.46
  • SG: 1.061
  • oBrix 14.6

Harvest: 10/9

Bloom: 5/16

Bloom Density: 3.4

Productivity rating: 2.3

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.36

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 221

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Tip Bearing
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sharp

Origin: USA, early colonial

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106

Cider Apple Variety: Harry-Masters-Jersey

Harry Master’s Jersey

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color amber, mildly bitter, fruity aroma. Good body and balance,
stand-alone varietal, fruity aroma. Melon, berries, butterscotch, pine
needles, tart, nutty.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.21
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.19
  • pH: 4.34
  • SG: 1.051
  • oBrix 12.5

Harvest: 10/9

Bloom: 5/16

Bloom Density: 4.1

Productivity rating: 3.9

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.59

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 174

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Bittersweet

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM. 106

Cider Apple Variety: Isle-of-Wight-Pippin

Isle of Wight Pippin

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid):
  • Acid (percent malic acid):
  • pH:
  • SG:
  • oBrix

Harvest:

Bloom:

Bloom Density:

Productivity rating:

Fruit diameter (inches):

Juice Yield (mL/lb):

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing:


Bittersweet

Origin: France/England

Notes: Rootstock/s G935

Cider Apple Variety: Jouveaux

Jouveaux

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.16
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.30
  • pH: 4.01
  • SG: 1.052
  • oBrix 13.0

Harvest: 9/25

Bloom:4/29

Bloom Density: 4.4

Productivity rating: 2.8

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.75

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 180

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.5
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin: France

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cider Apple Variety: Kermerrien

Kermerrien

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color straw to gold, moderately bitter. Cidery, creamy, bitter aftertaste lingers, but not harsh, good blender Fruity, banana, bubblegum.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.32
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.26
  • pH: 3.88
  • SG: 1.050
  • oBrix 12.5

Harvest: 10/1

Bloom: 5/12

Bloom Density: 3.0

Productivity rating: 3.1

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.41

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 179

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin: France

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106

Cider Apple Variety: Kingston-Black

Kingston Black

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:
Color gold to amber, mildly bitter. Stand-alone varietal cider, tannins are soft, good balance, wonderful apple flavor. Citrus, apple, butterscotch.

 

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.15
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.61
  • pH: 3.51
  • SG: 1.055
  • oBrix 13.3

Harvest: 9/30

Bloom: 5/12

Bloom Density: 3.3

Productivity rating: 2.7

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.42

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 170

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Sharp

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106

 

L – R

 

Cider Apple Variety: Lambrook-Pippin.jpg

Lambrook Pippin

Bittersharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.36
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 1.06
  • pH: 3.13
  • SG: 1.054
  • oBrix 13.0

Harvest: 10/16

Bloom: 5/9

Bloom Density: 3.1

Productivity rating: 2.6

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.54

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 256

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 3.5
  • Growth Habit: Semi Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Bittersharp

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s M9, MM.106

Cider Apple Variety: Major

Major

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color amber copper, aromatic. Highly aromatic with some fruit, earthy wood & bitterness. Long, tannic finish. Good addition to a bittersweet blend or can add body, complexity to a dessert apple blend.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.21
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.20
  • pH: 4.23
  • SG: 1.051
  • oBrix 12.9

Harvest: 9/7

Bloom: 5/13

Bloom Density: 3.6

Productivity rating: 3.7

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.30

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 275

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 1.5
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cider Apple Variety: Margil

Margil

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.07
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.57
  • pH: 3.49
  • SG: 1.049
  • oBrix 11.8

Harvest: 9/24

Bloom: 4/25

Bloom Density: 4.8

Productivity rating: na

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.50

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 214

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing:


Sharp

Origin: France

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cider Apple Variety: Marie-Menard

Marie Menard

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.42
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.28
  • pH: 4.16
  • SG: 1.057
  • oBrix 13.7

Harvest: 9/24

Bloom: 5/4

Bloom Density: 3.4

Productivity rating: na

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.42

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 243

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing:


Bittersweet

Origin: France

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cider Apple Variety: Marin-Onfroy

Marin Onfroy

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.19
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.24
  • pH: 4.30
  • SG: 1.053
  • oBrix 13.2

Harvest: 10/6

Bloom: 5/25

Bloom Density: 1.3

Productivity rating: na

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.24

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 193

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing:


Bittersweet

Origin: France

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cider Apple Variety: Maude

Maude

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.07
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.49
  • pH: 3.43
  • SG: 1.050
  • oBrix 11.6

Harvest: 9/7

Bloom: 4/30

Bloom Density: 4.3

Productivity rating: 3.1

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.72

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 240

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sharp

Origin: France?

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cider Apple Variety: Medaille-D-Or

Medaille D’Or

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.82
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.32
  • pH: 4.09
  • SG: 1.059
  • oBrix 14.9

Harvest: 10/15

Bloom: 5/29

Bloom Density: 3.2

Productivity rating: 3.0

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.15

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 248

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin: France

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106, M26

Cider Apple Variety: Mettais

Mettais

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color deep amber, moderately bitter. Strongly aromatic – more aroma than taste.

Apple character with notes of figs, dates & earthy wood. Medium bodied with astringent finish of good length. Wonderful deep rich color. Bittersweet blender.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.25
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.19
  • pH: 4.49
  • SG: 1.056
  • oBrix 12.9

Harvest: 9/23

Bloom: 5/8

Bloom Density: 3.8

Productivity rating: 2.7

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.21

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 195

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 2.5
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Bittersweet

Origin: France

Notes: Rootstock/s M9, MM.106

Cider Apple Variety: Michelin

Michelin

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color golden amber, moderately bitter. This cider can stand alone but benefits from blending. Strong apple/berry aroma, tastes like cooked apple, bland. Fruity, apple, estery, berry, baked apple.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.14
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.27
  • pH: 4.09
  • SG: 1.048
  • oBrix 11.4

Harvest: 10/12

Bloom: 5/12

Bloom Density: 4.1

Productivity rating: 3.6

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.52

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 166

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin: France

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106

Cider Apple Variety: Mott-Pink

Mott Pink

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.05
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.76
  • pH: 3.18
  • SG: 1.043
  • oBrix 10.5

Harvest: 9/6

Bloom: 4/30

Bloom Density: 4.0

Productivity rating: 3.5

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.62

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 301

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Sharp

Origin: USA

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cider Apple Variety: Muscadet-de-Dieppe

Muscadet de Dieppe

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color dark amber, mildly bitter. Good body and balance. Single-varietal cider, even when fermented to dryness still gives a slightly sweet taste, mix of fruit and grass flavors.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.21
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.26
  • pH: 4.12
  • SG: 1.057
  • oBrix 14.2

Harvest: 9/13

Bloom: 5/9

Bloom Density: 3.1

Productivity rating: 2.6

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.63

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 212

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Tip Bearing
  • Blind Wood: 2.5
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Bittersweet

Origin: France

Notes: Rootstock/s M9, M27

Cider Apple Variety: Muscat-de-Bernay

Muscat de Bernay

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color gold, medium bitter. Robust bitter and astringent cider, good fruit character, long, dry smoky phenolic finish. Bitter aftertaste. Adds structure and body in blending.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.19
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.28
  • pH: 3.94
  • SG: 1.050
  • oBrix 11.9

Harvest: 10/16

Bloom: 5/8

Bloom Density: 3.4

Productivity rating: 3.7

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.82

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 244

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Bittersweet

Origin: France

Notes: Rootstock/s M106

Cider Apple Variety: Nehou

Nehou

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.34
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.32
  • pH: 4.10
  • SG: 1.056
  • oBrix  14.0

Harvest: 9/17

Bloom: 4/19

Bloom Density: 3.4

Productivity rating: na

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.53

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 216

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing:


Bittersweet

Origin: France

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cider Apple Variety: Peau-de-Vache

Peau de Vache

Sweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.14
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.26
  • pH: 4.00
  • SG: 1.048
  • oBrix 11.7

Harvest: 10/1

Bloom: 5/14

Bloom Density: 4.3

Productivity rating: 4.2

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.67

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 262

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sweet

Origin: France

Notes: Rootstock/s Bud 9

Cider Apple Variety: Porter’s-Perfection

Porter’s Perfection

Bittersharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.30
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.93
  • pH: 3.20
  • SG: 1.054
  • oBrix 13.0

Harvest: 9/26

Bloom: 5/2

Bloom Density: 3.8

Productivity rating: na

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.16

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 253

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Upright Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Bittersharp

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cider Apple Variety: Puget-Spice

Puget Spice

Bittersharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color straw, high acidity, high astringency. This is a great blender, provides a lot of mouth feel because of its astringency. Some like it as a single-varietal cider but probably best for blending.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.13
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.96
  • pH: 3.28
  • SG: 1.057
  • oBrix 13.5

Harvest: 10/15

Bloom: 4/25

Bloom Density: 5

Productivity rating: 5

Fruit diameter (inches): 1.70

Juice Yield (mL/lb): na

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Bittersharp

Origin: USA

Notes: Rootstock/s M26, G935

Cider Apple Variety: Redstreak

Redstreak

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.09
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.95
  • pH: 3.18
  • SG: 1.048
  • oBrix 11.7

Harvest: 9/7

Bloom: 5/9

Bloom Density: 3.6

Productivity rating: 3.3

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.64

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 532

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Tip Bearing
  • Blind Wood: 2.5
  • rowth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sharp

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106

Cider Apple Variety: Reine-des-Hatives

Reine des Hatives

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.17
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.93
  • pH: 3.32
  • SG: 1.044
  • oBrix 11.5

Harvest: 9/29

Bloom: 5/9

Bloom Density: 2.4

Productivity rating: 2.7

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.73

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 244

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Bittersweet

Origin: France

Notes: Rootstock/s M26, MM.106

Cider Apple Variety: Reine-des-Pommes

Reine des Pommes

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color amber golden, moderately to highly bitter. Good balance, fruity with high tannins, good single varietal stout type. Builds complexity, boosts tannins when blended. Full body, bitterness lingers and builds (astringency). Apple skins, spice, citrus.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.52
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.41
  • pH: 3.92
  • SG: 1.063
  • oBrix 14.7

Harvest: 10/1

Bloom: 5/5

Bloom Density: 3.0

Productivity rating: 2.5

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.42

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 233

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 3.0
  • Growth Habit: Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin: France

Notes: Rootstock/s M26

Cider Apple Variety: Ribston-Pippin

Ribston Pippin

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.11
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.67
  • pH: 3.37
  • SG: 1.060
  • oBrix 13.2

Harvest: 9/13

Bloom: 4/24

Bloom Density: 5.0

Productivity rating: na

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.71

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 258

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing:


Sharp

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cider Apple Variety: Rosemary-Russet

Rosemary Russet

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.07
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.86
  • pH: 3.28
  • SG: 1.055
  • oBrix 13.0

Harvest: 9/24

Bloom: 4/25

Bloom Density: 3.0

Productivity rating: na

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.51

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 260

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing:


Sharp

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cider Apple Variety: Ross-Nonpareil

Ross Nonpareil

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.15
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.68
  • pH: 3.53
  • SG: 1.059
  • oBrix 14.0

Harvest: 9/28

Bloom: 4/27

Bloom Density: 4.4

Productivity rating: 2.3

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.53

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 211

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Sharp

Origin: France/England

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cider Apple Variety: Roxbury-Russet

Roxbury Russet

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.08
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.61
  • pH: 3.50
  • SG: 1.061
  • oBrix 15.9

Harvest: 9/21

Bloom: 5/1

Bloom Density: 3.3

Productivity rating: 3.2

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.47

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 202

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Tip Bearing
  • Blind Wood: 3.5
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Sharp

Origin: USA

Notes: Rootstock/s Bud 9

Cider Apple Variety: Royal-Jersey

Royal Jersey

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.36
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.19
  • pH: 4.17
  • SG: 1.048
  • oBrix  11.9

Harvest: 9/25

Bloom: 5/22

Bloom Density: 2.6

Productivity rating: 2.3

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.24

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 227

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s Bud 9

Cider Apple Variety: Russet-King

Russet King

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.05
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.71
  • pH: 3.48
  • SG: 1.053
  • oBrix 12.5

Harvest: 9/26

Bloom: 4/26

Bloom Density: 2.4

Productivity rating: na

Fruit diameter (inches): na

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 279

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing:


Sharp

Origin: USA

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

 

S – Z

 

Cider Apple Variety: Smiths-Cider

Smith’s Cider

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.08
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.55
  • pH: 3.39
  • SG: 1.050
  • oBrix 11.8

Harvest: 10/1

Bloom: 5/2

Bloom Density: 4.0

Productivity rating: 3.6

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.94

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 262

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sharp

Origin: USA

Notes: Rootstock/s Bud 9

Cider Apple Variety: Stembridge-Jersey

Stembridge Jersey

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.27
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.37
  • pH: 4.07
  • SG: 1.047
  • oBrix 11.4

Harvest: 9/30

Bloom: 5/16

Bloom Density: 2.5

Productivity rating: 2.2

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.25

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 230

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s

Cider Apple Variety: Stoke-Red

Stoke Red

Bittersharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.28
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.66
  • pH: 3.49
  • SG: 1.045
  • oBrix 11.7

Harvest: 9/30

Bloom: 5/19

Bloom Density: 2.3

Productivity rating: 3.3

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.42

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 286

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersharp

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cider Apple Variety: Sweet-Alford

Sweet Alford

Sweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.07
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.16
  • pH: 4.47
  • SG: 1.049
  • oBrix 11.8

Harvest: 10/7

Bloom: 5/4

Bloom Density: 4.0

Productivity rating: 3.9

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.75

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 219

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sweet

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cider Apple Variety: Sweet-Coppin

Sweet Coppin

Sweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.11
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.20
  • pH: 4.03
  • SG: 1.048
  • oBrix 11.3

Harvest: 10/10

Bloom: 5/18

Bloom Density: 2.4

Productivity rating: 2.7

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.67

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 273

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Sweet

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cider Apple Variety: Taliaferro-Colaw

Taliaferro (Colaw)

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.09
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.77
  • pH: 3.12
  • SG: 1.047
  • oBrix 11.4

Harvest: 9/30

Bloom: 5/6

Bloom Density: 2.8

Productivity rating: 3.3

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.97

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 246

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Tip Bearing
  • Blind Wood: 4
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sharp

Origin: USA

Notes: Rootstock/s Bud 9

Cider Apple Variety: Taylor's

Taylor’s

Sweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.14
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.20
  • pH: 4.29
  • SG: 1.051
  • oBrix 12.4

Harvest: 9/22

Bloom: 5/17

Bloom Density: 3.4

Productivity rating: 2.8

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.40

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 439

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 2.5
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sweet

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106, M9

Cider Apple Variety: Tom-Putt

Tom Putt

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

Color straw, sharp. Mildly sharp cider, creamy mouth feel, balanced. Slightly sweet, lightly creamy, thin aftertaste tapers off quickly. 

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.11
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.67
  • pH: 3.38
  • SG: 1.044
  • oBrix 12.3

Harvest: 8/31

Bloom: 5/4

Bloom Density: 4.6

Productivity rating: 4.4

Fruit diameter (inches): 3.11

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 219

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Sharp

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106

Cider Apple Variety: Track-Zero

Track Zero

Sweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.10
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.18
  • pH: 4.13
  • SG: 1.053
  • oBrix 12.3

Harvest: 10/9

Bloom: 5/2

Bloom Density: 3.8

Productivity rating: 3.8

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.76

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 212

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sweet

Origin: USA, seedling

Notes: Rootstock/s Bud 9

Cider Apple Variety: Tramletts-Geneva

Tramlett’s, Geneva

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.17
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 1.01
  • pH: 3.17
  • SG: 1.044
  • oBrix 10.9

Harvest: 9/30

Bloom: 5/5

Bloom Density: 4.0

Productivity rating: 2.8

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.52

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 223

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Sharp

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106

Not the true ‘Tramlett’s Bitter’

Cider Apple Variety: Vilberie

Vilberie

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color amber, highly bitter. Very bitter with high astringency. Bitterness harsh; best used in blending. A very stout cider. Bitterness dominated, estery, metallic taste, tea bags, aftertaste of copper penny, woody bark.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.41
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.27
  • pH: 3.91
  • SG: 1.044
  • oBrix 11.5

Harvest: 10/19

Bloom: 5/24

Bloom Density: 3.4

Productivity rating: 2.9

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.59

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 279

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin: France

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106, M9

Cider Apple Variety: Virginia-Crab-Hewes

Virginia Crab, Hewes

Bittersharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color gold, mild to moderately bitter. Lemony bright apple flavor with banana, pear & butterscotch notes. Full bodied with white wine intensity and a nice soft astringent finish. Possible varietal or acid addition to a blend.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.19
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.91
  • pH: 3.29
  • SG: 1.060
  • oBrix 14.8

Harvest: 8/31

Bloom: 4/19

Bloom Density: 4.6

Productivity rating: 3.9

Fruit diameter (inches): 1.55

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 282

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Bittersharp

Origin: USA, early colonial

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cider Apple Variety: Whidbey

Whidbey

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

Not evaluated. 

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.12
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.69
  • pH: 3.46
  • SG: 1.049
  • oBrix 11.9

Harvest: 9/18

Bloom: 5/7

Bloom Density: 3.7

Productivity rating: 3.8

Fruit diameter (inches): 3.08

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 282

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 2.5
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sharp

Origin: USA?

Notes: Rootstock/s

Cider Apple Variety: Yarlington-Mill

Yarlington Mill

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.21
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.23
  • pH: 4.10
  • SG: 1.048
  • oBrix 11.9

Harvest: 9/26

Bloom: 5/13

Bloom Density: 3.7

Productivity rating: 3.7

Fruit diameter (inches): 2.74

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 239

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Bittersweet

Origin: England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106

Cider Apple Variety: Zabergau-Reinette

Zabergau Reinette

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color light gold, moderately sharp. Light bodied & wine like with an even mouth feel.

Short, slightly bitter finish, somewhat more complex than most dessert apple ciders. Good blending apple.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin (percent tannic acid): 0.12
  • Acid (percent malic acid): 0.79
  • pH: 3.46
  • SG: 1.057
  • oBrix 13.4

Harvest: 9/25

Bloom: 5/2

Bloom Density: 3.9

Productivity rating: 3.8

Fruit diameter (inches): 3.41

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 252

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Sharp

Origin: Germany

Notes: Rootstock/s M9