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Cultivar Performance Gallery

This database includes 73 cider apple cultivars grown at the Northwestern Washington Research and Extension Center, Mount Vernon, WA. Cultivars included are heritage cider apples from England and France as well as some historical American cultivars that were first grown in colonial days.

Classification is with the English system, which divides cider apples into 4 categories based on the tannins and acid present in the pressed juice. The orchard site has a marine climate with cool summers and mild winters. Some cultivars are classified differently at this site than they were classified in England.

Sharp

Bittersharp

Low tannin < 0.2

High acid > 0.45

High tannin > 0.2

High acid > 0.45

 

Sweet

Bittersweet

Low tannin < 0.2

Low acid < 0.45

High tannin > 0.2

Low acid < 0.45

 

Data collection is from 2002 to 2017, and average values are presented. Bloom density and productivity ratings are subjective, using a scale of 1-5 where 1= very sparse bloom/fruit, 2=light bloom/fruiting, 3=moderate bloom/fruiting, 4=abundant bloom/fruiting, 5=snowball bloom/overloaded fruiting. Blind wood rating is subjective, using a scale of 1-5 where 1 = no bare areas, 2 = few bare areas 4-6”, 3 = several bare areas 4-6”, 4 = several bare areas 8-12”, 5 = numerous branches with bare areas 12” or more. Juice characteristics were measured for 250 ml. of juice, and juice yield was measured from 25 fruit (2015-2017 only). Observations were recorded for disease susceptibility, vigor, and growth habit. Sensory evaluation of single-varietal ciders was performed by professional cider makers in the region.

Explore the Listings

 

A-D(20)

 

 

E-K(14)

 

 

L-R(24)

 

 

S-Z(15)

 

A-D(20)

 

E-K(14)

 

L-R(24)

 

S-Z(15)

 

Note: Small screens, use blue arrows to open and close listings.

 

A – D

 

Amere de Berthcourt

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

Color gold, moderately to highly bitter. Astringent with long bitter aftertaste, good blender to boost bitterness. Honey, vanilla, artificial fruit. 

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.34
  • Acid: 0.20
  • pH: 4.11
  • SG: 1.049
  • oBrix: 12.2

Harvest: 9/25

Bloom: 5/3

Bloom Density: 3.5

Productivity rating: 3.2

Fruit size: 2.02

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 288

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.5
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Bittersweet

Origin France

Notes: Rootstock/s Bud 9, M9

Amere Forestier

Sweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.34
  • Acid: 0.20
  • pH: 3.93
  • SG: 1.046
  • oBrix: 11.5

Harvest: 10/18

Bloom: 5/18

Bloom Density: 2.8

Productivity rating: 2.9

Fruit size: 2.50

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 255

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Sweet

Origin France 

Notes: Rootstock/s Bud 9

Ashmead’s Kernel

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin:
  • Acid:
  • pH:
  • SG:
  • oBrix

Harvest:

Bloom:

Bloom Density:

Productivity rating:

Fruit size:

Juice Yield (mL/lb):

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Upright Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Sharp

Origin England 

Notes: Rootstock/s G935

Bedan de Parts

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.14
  • Acid: 0.18
  • pH: 4.43
  • SG: 1.051
  • oBrix 10.7

Harvest: 10/1

Bloom: 5/18

Bloom Density: 2.8

Productivity rating: 2.0

Fruit size: 2.42

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 247

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Bittersweet

Origin France

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Blanc Mollet

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color deep gold, mild to moderately bitter. A medium bodied bittersweet cider with light flavors & aromatics. Medium length finish with a bitter & mildly astringent aftertaste. A nice addition to a bittersweet blend.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.20
  • Acid:0.15
  • pH: 4.31
  • SG: 1.046
  • oBrix 11.2

Harvest: 9/4

Bloom: 5/13

Bloom Density: 2.7

Productivity rating: 3.0

Fruit size: 1.78

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 275

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.5
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin France

Notes: Rootstock/s Bud 9

Bouteville

Sweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.14
  • Acid: 0.16
  • pH: 4.55
  • SG: 1.052
  • oBrix 12.4

Harvest: 9/11

Bloom: 5/8

Bloom Density: 3.0

Productivity rating: 4.0

Fruit size: 2.11

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 458

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 1.5
  • Growth Habit: Semi Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sweet

Origin France

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Bramley’s Seedling

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.09
  • Acid: 0.11
  • pH: 3.12
  • SG: 1.045
  • oBrix 11.2

Harvest: 9/24

Bloom:   5/6

Bloom Density: 3.1

Productivity rating: 3.1

Fruit size: 3.86

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 253

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 2.5
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sharp

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s M26

Bramtot

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.50
  • Acid: 0.32
  • pH: 4.04
  • SG: 1.057
  • oBrix 13.1

Harvest: 9/15

Bloom: 5/10

Bloom Density: 4.1

Productivity rating: 3.2

Fruit size: 2.21

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 374

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi-alternate


Bittersweet

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Breakwell Seedling

Bittersharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.20
  • Acid: 0.72
  • pH: 3.28
  • SG: 1.041
  • oBrix 10.1

Harvest: 9/6

Bloom: 5/19

Bloom Density: 3.9

Productivity rating: 3.1

Fruit size: 2.43

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 260

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Bittersharp

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s M26

Brown’s Apple

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color amber; sharp. Good balance, a little bland, would benefit from blending, nice nose. Citrus, apple, fresh cut grass, butterscotch, honey.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.10
  • Acid: 0.74
  • pH: 3.23
  • SG: 1.039
  • oBrix 10.2

Harvest: 9/27

Bloom: 5/11

Bloom Density: 3.5

Productivity rating: 2.8

Fruit size: 2.74

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 262

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Sharp

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM106

Brown Snout

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color amber; mildly bittersweet. Stand-alone single-varietal cider; good body, balance & mouth feel; juice needs acid adjustment prior to fermentation. Easy to drink even as a single varietal. Makes a darker viscous cider. Apple, slight banana, nutty, butterscotch.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.16
  • Acid: 0.31
  • pH: 3.64
  • SG: 1.051
  • oBrix 12.9

Harvest: 10/18

Bloom: 5/22

Bloom Density: 3.8

Productivity rating: 3.5

Fruit size: 2.28

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 281

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Bittersweet

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM106, M9, M27

Brown Thorn

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.16
  • Acid: 0.20
  • pH: 4.20
  • SG: 1.048
  • oBrix 12.2

Harvest: 10/8

Bloom: 5/19

Bloom Density: 2.4

Productivity rating: 2.7

Fruit size: 2.42

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 253

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin France/England

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Bulmer’s Norman

Sweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

Color gold, mildly bitter, bittersweet. Good balance, light body for a bittersweet. Cider a little thin, aftertaste short-lived but astringent, builds and lingers, refreshing.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.20
  • Acid: 0.22
  • pH: 4.09
  • SG: 1.046
  • oBrix 11.3

Harvest: 9/12

Bloom: 5/8

Bloom Density: 4.5

Productivity rating: 2.8

Fruit size: 2.95

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 247

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sweet

Origin France/England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM106

Campfield

Sweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.17
  • Acid: 0.23
  • pH: 4.38
  • SG: 1.055
  • oBrix 12.8

Harvest: 10/21

Bloom: 5/2

Bloom Density: 3.4

Productivity rating: 2.2

Fruit size: 2.89

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 159

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sweet

Origin USA, early colonial

Notes: Rootstock/s MM106

Cap of Liberty

Bittersharp

Cider sensory evaluation:
Color gold to slightly amber; moderately bitter, bittersharp. Unbalanced, bitterness lingers, body viscous but not heavy. Long bitter aftertaste, sour, need to have acids balanced, complex spicy flavors will be enhanced when balanced.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.20
  • Acid: 1.14
  • pH: 3.14
  • SG: 1.047
  • oBrix 11.8

Harvest: 10/7

Bloom: 5/5

Bloom Density: 4.2

Productivity rating: 3.1

Fruit size: 2.26

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 249

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersharp

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106, Bud 9

Chisel Jersey

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color golden amber, full English bittersweet. Barnyard character typical of English farmhouse cider. Slight citrus & fruitiness accompanied by pronounced bitterness. Very long tannic, astringent finish. Good for structure, character & complexity in a blend.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.42
  • Acid: 0.25
  • pH: 4.31
  • SG: 1.056
  • oBrix 13.8

Harvest: 9/29

Bloom: 5/19

Bloom Density: 3.3

Productivity rating: 3.0

Fruit size: 2.65

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 232

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Bittersweet

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM106

Cimitiere

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.23
  • Acid: 0.13
  • pH: 4.51
  • SG: 1.039
  • oBrix 10.1

Harvest: 10.9

Bloom: 5/29

Bloom Density: 2.7

Productivity rating: 3.0

Fruit size: 2.09

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 249

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin France

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Cort Pendu Rose

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.11
  • Acid: 0.81
  • pH: 3.26
  • SG: 1.048
  • oBrix 11.8

Harvest: 10/11

Bloom: 5/19

Bloom Density: 2.7

Productivity rating: 2.8

Fruit size: 2.50

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 348

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.5
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Sharp

Origin France

Notes: Rootstock/s Bud 9

Dabinett

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

Color amber, moderate bittersweet. Has body and astringency, tannins are harsh and tend to dominate flavor. Good alone for those who like a stout cider, otherwise blend to soften tannin; good nose. Apple, raisins. 

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.24
  • Acid: 0.22
  • pH: 4.41
  • SG: 1.055
  • oBrix 13.5

Harvest: 10/14

Bloom: 5/19

Bloom Density: 3.7

Productivity rating: 3.7

Fruit size: 2.49

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 242

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.5
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Bittersweet

Origin France/England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106

Domaines

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color gold, mildly bitter. Nice tannin and aroma with light body and medium length finish. Fruity aftertaste. A pleasant cider with complex flavors. Needs acid addition for full balance.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.26
  • Acid: 0.20
  • pH: 4.27
  • SG: 1.050
  • oBrix 13.1

Harvest:  9/29

Bloom: 4/29

Bloom Density: 4.1

Productivity rating: 2.4

Fruit size: 2.73

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 257

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Bittersweet

Origin France

Notes: Rootstock/s M9, MM.106

Doux Normandie

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.29
  • Acid: 0.33
  • pH: 3.80
  • SG: 1.047
  • oBrix  11.8

Harvest: 10/6

Bloom: 5/12

Bloom Density: 3.7

Productivity rating: 3.1

Fruit size: 2.43

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 258

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin France

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

 

E – K

 

Ellis Bitter

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin:
  • Acid:
  • pH:
  • SG:
  • oBrix

Harvest:

Bloom:

Bloom Density:

Productivity rating:

Fruit size:

Juice Yield (mL/lb):

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing:


Bittersweet

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s G935

Fillbarrel

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.19
  • Acid: 0.22
  • pH: 3.67
  • SG: 1.045
  • oBrix 11.2

Harvest: 10/8

Bloom: 5/1

Bloom Density: 2.7

Productivity rating: 3.0

Fruit size: 258

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 310

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Finkenwerder Herbstprinz

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color yellow, sharp, multi-purpose apple. Light bodied acidic cider with a clean, dry, medium length finish. Good acid source for blending. 

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.07
  • Acid: 0.98
  • pH: 3.21
  • SG: 1.055
  • oBrix  13.2

Harvest: 9/22

Bloom: 5/5

Bloom Density: 3.8

Productivity rating: 3.2

Fruit size: 3.42

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 242

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Tip Bearing
  • Blind Wood: 2.5
  • Growth Habit: Semi Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sharp

Origin Germany

Notes: Rootstock/s M9, MM.106

Foxwhelp

Bittersharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color amber, mildly bitter. No outstanding character, will add some body and lot of acid to blends; earthy tones. Best use as blender. Sharp apple, pear, butterscotch.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.17
  • Acid: 0.69
  • pH: 3.20
  • SG: 1.048
  • oBrix 12.0

Harvest: 10/4

Bloom: 5/5

Bloom Density: 3.8

Productivity rating: 2.9

Fruit size: 3.18

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 256

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Bittersharp

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106, M27

Frequin Rouge

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color golden amber, moderately bitter. Viscous with some body, astringent with complex aromas. May be best as a blender to boost tannins and add complexity. Cidery, nutmeg, vanilla, slightly warms the back of the mouth, moderate bitter aftertaste lingers.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.30
  • Acid: 0.26
  • pH: 4.17
  • SG: 1.047
  • oBrix 11.4

Harvest: 10/2

Bloom: 5/7

Bloom Density: 4.1

Productivity rating: 3.1

Fruit size: 2.31

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 251

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.5
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Bittersweet

Origin France

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106

Golden Harvey

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin:
  • Acid:
  • pH:
  • SG:
  • oBrix

Harvest:

Bloom:

Bloom Density:

Productivity rating:

Fruit size:

Juice Yield (mL/lb):

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing:


Sharp

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s G935

Golden Russet

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color straw, medium sharp. Full-bodied, alcoholic, complex aromatics with good acid. Medium length Sauvignon Blanc finish. Excellent base for dessert apple cider blend.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.10
  • Acid: 0.66
  • pH: 3.58
  • SG: 1.061
  • oBrix 15.4

Harvest: 10/3

Bloom: 4.19

Bloom Density: 4.7

Productivity rating: 3.9

Fruit size: 2.83

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 219

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Tip Bearing
  • Blind Wood: 2.5
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Sharp

Origin USA

Notes: Rootstock/s M26

Granniwinkle

Sweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color straw, moderately sharp. Clean, crisp and fruity light bodied cider with
short finish and refreshing aftertaste of melon, currant, honey and dried fruit.
Would work well as Champagne style cider or blend.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.08
  • Acid: 0.30
  • pH: 3.90
  • SG: 1.045
  • oBrix 11.0

Harvest: 9/2

Bloom: 4/27

Bloom Density: 4.3

Productivity rating: 3.8

Fruit size: 2.71

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 228

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Sweet

Origin USA

Notes: Rootstock/s Bud 9, M26

Gravenstein, Red (Worthen cv.)

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

Color gold, sharp. Good aroma but cider not complex, sour with a lingering tang, fruit should be fully ripe. Short aftertaste, refreshing character, easy to drink, sweetening would enhance balance. 

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.07
  • Acid: 0.56
  • pH: 3.49
  • SG: 1.052
  • oBrix 12.6

Harvest: 8/28

Bloom: 4/24

Bloom Density: 4.2

Productivity rating: 4.1

Fruit size: 2.92

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 235

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Sharp

Origin Denmark (mid 1600s)

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Grimes Golden

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.07
  • Acid: 0.61
  • pH: 3.45
  • SG: 1.052
  • oBrix 12.2

Harvest: 10/14

Bloom: 4/24

Bloom Density: 4.6

Productivity rating: 4.2

Fruit size: 3.11

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 202

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Sharp

Origin USA

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Grindstone

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.10
  • Acid: 0.58
  • pH: 3.49
  • SG: 1.061
  • oBrix 13.7

Harvest: 10/25

Bloom: 4/30

Bloom Density: 2.7

Productivity rating: 2.8

Fruit size: 2.74

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 251

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Tip Bearing
  • Blind Wood: 4.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Sharp

Origin USA

Notes: Rootstock/s Bud 9

Harrison

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color gold, moderately sharp. Well balanced with delicate flavors & aromas. Soft, rounded mouth feel and good fruit character with a peachy, smoky, mildly astringent finish. This cider tends to not ferment to complete dryness. A wonderful single varietal or blender.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.10
  • Acid: 0.64
  • pH: 3.46
  • SG: 1.061
  • oBrix 14.6

Harvest: 10/9

Bloom: 5/16

Bloom Density: 3.4

Productivity rating: 2.3

Fruit size: 2.36

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 221

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Tip Bearing
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sharp

Origin USA, early colonial

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106

Harry Master’s Jersey

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color amber, mildly bitter, fruity aroma. Good body and balance,
stand-alone varietal, fruity aroma. Melon, berries, butterscotch, pine
needles, tart, nutty.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.21
  • Acid: 0.19
  • pH: 4.34
  • SG: 1.051
  • oBrix 12.5

Harvest: 10/9

Bloom: 5/16

Bloom Density: 4.1

Productivity rating: 3.9

Fruit size: 2.59

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 174

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Bittersweet

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM. 106

Isle of Wight Pippin

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin:
  • Acid:
  • pH:
  • SG:
  • oBrix

Harvest:

Bloom:

Bloom Density:

Productivity rating:

Fruit size:

Juice Yield (mL/lb):

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing:


Bittersweet

Origin France/England

Notes: Rootstock/s G935

Jouveaux

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.16
  • Acid: 0.30
  • pH: 4.01
  • SG: 1.052
  • oBrix 13.0

Harvest: 9/25

Bloom:4/29

Bloom Density: 4.4

Productivity rating: 2.8

Fruit size: 2.75

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 180

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.5
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin France

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Kermerrien

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color straw to gold, moderately bitter. Cidery, creamy, bitter aftertaste lingers, but not harsh, good blender Fruity, banana, bubblegum.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.32
  • Acid: 0.26
  • pH: 3.88
  • SG: 1.050
  • oBrix 12.5

Harvest: 10/1

Bloom: 5/12

Bloom Density: 3.0

Productivity rating: 3.1

Fruit size: 2.41

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 179

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin France

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106

Kingston Black

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:
Color gold to amber, mildly bitter. Stand-alone varietal cider, tannins are soft, good balance, wonderful apple flavor. Citrus, apple, butterscotch.

 

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.15
  • Acid: 0.61
  • pH: 3.51
  • SG: 1.055
  • oBrix 13.3

Harvest: 9/30

Bloom: 5/12

Bloom Density: 3.3

Productivity rating: 2.7

Fruit size: 2.42

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 170

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Sharp

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106

 

L – R

 

Lambrook Pippin

Bittersharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.36
  • Acid: 1.06
  • pH: 3.13
  • SG: 1.054
  • oBrix 13.0

Harvest: 10/16

Bloom: 5/9

Bloom Density: 3.1

Productivity rating: 2.6

Fruit size: 2.54

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 256

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 3.5
  • Growth Habit: Semi Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Bittersharp

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s M9, MM.106

Major

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color amber copper, aromatic. Highly aromatic with some fruit, earthy wood & bitterness. Long, tannic finish. Good addition to a bittersweet blend or can add body, complexity to a dessert apple blend.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.21
  • Acid: 0.20
  • pH: 4.23
  • SG: 1.051
  • oBrix 12.9

Harvest: 9/7

Bloom: 5/13

Bloom Density: 3.6

Productivity rating: 3.7

Fruit size: 2.30

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 275

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 1.5
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Margil

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.07
  • Acid: 0.57
  • pH: 3.49
  • SG: 1.049
  • oBrix 11.8

Harvest: 9/24

Bloom: 4/25

Bloom Density: 4.8

Productivity rating: na

Fruit size: 2.50

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 214

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing:


Sharp

Origin France

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Marie Menard

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.42
  • Acid: 0.28
  • pH: 4.16
  • SG: 1.057
  • oBrix 13.7

Harvest: 9/24

Bloom: 5/4

Bloom Density: 3.4

Productivity rating: na

Fruit size: 2.42

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 243

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing:


Bittersweet

Origin France

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Marin Onfroy

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.19
  • Acid: 0.24
  • pH: 4.30
  • SG: 1.053
  • oBrix 13.2

Harvest: 10/6

Bloom: 5/25

Bloom Density: 1.3

Productivity rating: na

Fruit size: 2.24

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 193

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing:


Bittersweet

Origin France

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Maude

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.07
  • Acid: 0.49
  • pH: 3.43
  • SG: 1.050
  • oBrix 11.6

Harvest: 9/7

Bloom: 4/30

Bloom Density: 4.3

Productivity rating: 3.1

Fruit size: 2.72

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 240

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sharp

Origin France?

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Medaille D’Or

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.82
  • Acid: 0.32
  • pH: 4.09
  • SG: 1.059
  • oBrix 14.9

Harvest: 10/15

Bloom: 5/29

Bloom Density: 3.2

Productivity rating: 3.0

Fruit size: 2.15

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 248

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin France

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106, M26

Mettais

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color deep amber, moderately bitter. Strongly aromatic – more aroma than taste.

Apple character with notes of figs, dates & earthy wood. Medium bodied with astringent finish of good length. Wonderful deep rich color. Bittersweet blender.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.25
  • Acid: 0.19
  • pH: 4.49
  • SG: 1.056
  • oBrix 12.9

Harvest: 9/23

Bloom: 5/8

Bloom Density: 3.8

Productivity rating: 2.7

Fruit size: 2.21

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 195

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 2.5
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Bittersweet

Origin France

Notes: Rootstock/s M9, MM.106

Michelin

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color golden amber, moderately bitter. This cider can stand alone but benefits from blending. Strong apple/berry aroma, tastes like cooked apple, bland. Fruity, apple, estery, berry, baked apple.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.14
  • Acid: 0.27
  • pH: 4.09
  • SG: 1.048
  • oBrix 11.4

Harvest: 10/12

Bloom: 5/12

Bloom Density: 4.1

Productivity rating: 3.6

Fruit size: 2.52

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 166

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin France

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106

Mott Pink

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.05
  • Acid: 0.76
  • pH: 3.18
  • SG: 1.043
  • oBrix 10.5

Harvest: 9/6

Bloom: 4/30

Bloom Density: 4.0

Productivity rating: 3.5

Fruit size: 2.62

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 301

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Sharp

Origin USA

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Muscadet de Dieppe

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color dark amber, mildly bitter. Good body and balance. Single-varietal cider, even when fermented to dryness still gives a slightly sweet taste, mix of fruit and grass flavors.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.21
  • Acid: 0.26
  • pH: 4.12
  • SG: 1.057
  • oBrix 14.2

Harvest: 9/13

Bloom: 5/9

Bloom Density: 3.1

Productivity rating: 2.6

Fruit size: 2.63

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 212

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Tip Bearing
  • Blind Wood: 2.5
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Bittersweet

Origin France

Notes: Rootstock/s M9, M27

Muscat de Bernay

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color gold, medium bitter. Robust bitter and astringent cider, good fruit character, long, dry smoky phenolic finish. Bitter aftertaste. Adds structure and body in blending.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.19
  • Acid: 0.28
  • pH: 3.94
  • SG: 1.050
  • oBrix 11.9

Harvest: 10/16

Bloom: 5/8

Bloom Density: 3.4

Productivity rating: 3.7

Fruit size: 2.82

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 244

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Bittersweet

Origin France

Notes: Rootstock/s M106

Nehou

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.34
  • Acid: 0.32
  • pH: 4.10
  • SG: 1.056
  • oBrix  14.0

Harvest: 9/17

Bloom: 4/19

Bloom Density: 3.4

Productivity rating: na

Fruit size: 2.53

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 216

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing:


Bittersweet

Origin France

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Peau de Vache

Sweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.14
  • Acid: 0.26
  • pH: 4.00
  • SG: 1.048
  • oBrix 11.7

Harvest: 10/1

Bloom: 5/14

Bloom Density: 4.3

Productivity rating: 4.2

Fruit size: 2.67

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 262

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sweet

Origin France

Notes: Rootstock/s Bud 9

Porter’s Perfection

Bittersharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.30
  • Acid: 0.93
  • pH: 3.20
  • SG: 1.054
  • oBrix 13.0

Harvest: 9/26

Bloom: 5/2

Bloom Density: 3.8

Productivity rating: na

Fruit size: 2.16

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 253

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Upright Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Bittersharp

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Puget Spice

Bittersharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color straw, high acidity, high astringency. This is a great blender, provides a lot of mouth feel because of its astringency. Some like it as a single-varietal cider but probably best for blending.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.13
  • Acid: 0.96
  • pH: 3.28
  • SG: 1.057
  • oBrix 13.5

Harvest: 10/15

Bloom: 4/25

Bloom Density: 5

Productivity rating: 5

Fruit size: 1.70

Juice Yield (mL/lb): na

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Bittersharp

Origin USA

Notes: Rootstock/s M26, G935

Redstreak

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.09
  • Acid: 0.95
  • pH: 3.18
  • SG: 1.048
  • oBrix 11.7

Harvest: 9/7

Bloom: 5/9

Bloom Density: 3.6

Productivity rating: 3.3

Fruit size: 2.64

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 532

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Tip Bearing
  • Blind Wood: 2.5
  • rowth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sharp

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106

Reine des Hatives

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.17
  • Acid: 0.93
  • pH: 3.32
  • SG: 1.044
  • oBrix 11.5

Harvest: 9/29

Bloom: 5/9

Bloom Density: 2.4

Productivity rating: 2.7

Fruit size: 2.73

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 244

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Bittersweet

Origin France

Notes: Rootstock/s M26, MM.106

Reine des Pommes

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color amber golden, moderately to highly bitter. Good balance, fruity with high tannins, good single varietal stout type. Builds complexity, boosts tannins when blended. Full body, bitterness lingers and builds (astringency). Apple skins, spice, citrus.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.52
  • Acid: 0.41
  • pH: 3.92
  • SG: 1.063
  • oBrix 14.7

Harvest: 10/1

Bloom: 5/5

Bloom Density: 3.0

Productivity rating: 2.5

Fruit size: 2.42

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 233

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 3.0
  • Growth Habit: Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin France

Notes: Rootstock/s M26

Ribston Pippin

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.11
  • Acid: 0.67
  • pH: 3.37
  • SG: 1.060
  • oBrix 13.2

Harvest: 9/13

Bloom: 4/24

Bloom Density: 5.0

Productivity rating: na

Fruit size: 2.71

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 258

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing:


Sharp

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Rosemary Russet

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.07
  • Acid: 0.86
  • pH: 3.28
  • SG: 1.055
  • oBrix 13.0

Harvest: 9/24

Bloom: 4/25

Bloom Density: 3.0

Productivity rating: na

Fruit size: 2.51

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 260

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing:


Sharp

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Ross Nonpareil

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.15
  • Acid: 0.68
  • pH: 3.53
  • SG: 1.059
  • oBrix 14.0

Harvest: 9/28

Bloom: 4/27

Bloom Density: 4.4

Productivity rating: 2.3

Fruit size: 2.53

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 211

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Sharp

Origin France/England

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Roxbury Russet

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.08
  • Acid: 0.61
  • pH: 3.50
  • SG: 1.061
  • oBrix 15.9

Harvest: 9/21

Bloom: 5/1

Bloom Density: 3.3

Productivity rating: 3.2

Fruit size: 2.47

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 202

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Tip Bearing
  • Blind Wood: 3.5
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Sharp

Origin USA

Notes: Rootstock/s Bud 9

Royal Jersey

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.36
  • Acid: 0.19
  • pH: 4.17
  • SG: 1.048
  • oBrix  11.9

Harvest: 9/25

Bloom: 5/22

Bloom Density: 2.6

Productivity rating: 2.3

Fruit size: 2.24

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 227

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s Bud 9

Russet King

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.05
  • Acid: 0.71
  • pH: 3.48
  • SG: 1.053
  • oBrix 12.5

Harvest: 9/26

Bloom: 4/26

Bloom Density: 2.4

Productivity rating: na

Fruit size: na

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 279

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing:


Sharp

Origin USA

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

 

S – Z

 

Smith’s Cider

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.08
  • Acid: 0.55
  • pH: 3.39
  • SG: 1.050
  • oBrix 11.8

Harvest: 10/1

Bloom: 5/2

Bloom Density: 4.0

Productivity rating: 3.6

Fruit size: 2.94

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 262

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sharp

Origin USA

Notes: Rootstock/s Bud 9

Stembridge Jersey

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.27
  • Acid: 0.37
  • pH: 4.07
  • SG: 1.047
  • oBrix 11.4

Harvest: 9/30

Bloom: 5/16

Bloom Density: 2.5

Productivity rating: 2.2

Fruit size: 2.25

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 230

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s

Stoke Red

Bittersharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.28
  • Acid: 0.66
  • pH: 3.49
  • SG: 1.045
  • oBrix 11.7

Harvest: 9/30

Bloom: 5/19

Bloom Density: 2.3

Productivity rating: 3.3

Fruit size: 2.42

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 286

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing:
  • Blind Wood:
  • Growth Habit:
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersharp

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Sweet Alford

Sweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.07
  • Acid: 0.16
  • pH: 4.47
  • SG: 1.049
  • oBrix 11.8

Harvest: 10/7

Bloom: 5/4

Bloom Density: 4.0

Productivity rating: 3.9

Fruit size: 2.75

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 219

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sweet

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Sweet Coppin

Sweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.11
  • Acid: 0.20
  • pH: 4.03
  • SG: 1.048
  • oBrix 11.3

Harvest: 10/10

Bloom: 5/18

Bloom Density: 2.4

Productivity rating: 2.7

Fruit size: 2.67

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 273

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Sweet

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Taliaferro (Colaw)

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.09
  • Acid: 0.77
  • pH: 3.12
  • SG: 1.047
  • oBrix 11.4

Harvest: 9/30

Bloom: 5/6

Bloom Density: 2.8

Productivity rating: 3.3

Fruit size: 2.97

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 246

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Tip Bearing
  • Blind Wood: 4
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sharp

Origin USA

Notes: Rootstock/s Bud 9

Taylor’s

Sweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.14
  • Acid: 0.20
  • pH: 4.29
  • SG: 1.051
  • oBrix 12.4

Harvest: 9/22

Bloom: 5/17

Bloom Density: 3.4

Productivity rating: 2.8

Fruit size: 2.40

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 439

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 2.5
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sweet

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106, M9

Tom Putt

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

Color straw, sharp. Mildly sharp cider, creamy mouth feel, balanced. Slightly sweet, lightly creamy, thin aftertaste tapers off quickly. 

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.11
  • Acid: 0.67
  • pH: 3.38
  • SG: 1.044
  • oBrix 12.3

Harvest: 8/31

Bloom: 5/4

Bloom Density: 4.6

Productivity rating: 4.4

Fruit size: 3.11

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 219

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Sharp

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106

Track Zero

Sweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.10
  • Acid: 0.18
  • pH: 4.13
  • SG: 1.053
  • oBrix 12.3

Harvest: 10/9

Bloom: 5/2

Bloom Density: 3.8

Productivity rating: 3.8

Fruit size: 2.76

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 212

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sweet

Origin USA, seedling

Notes: Rootstock/s Bud 9

Tramlett’s, Geneva

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.17
  • Acid: 1.01
  • pH: 3.17
  • SG: 1.044
  • oBrix 10.9

Harvest: 9/30

Bloom: 5/5

Bloom Density: 4.0

Productivity rating: 2.8

Fruit size: 2.52

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 223

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Sharp

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106

Not the true ‘Tramlett’s Bitter’

Vilberie

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color amber, highly bitter. Very bitter with high astringency. Bitterness harsh; best used in blending. A very stout cider. Bitterness dominated, estery, metallic taste, tea bags, aftertaste of copper penny, woody bark.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.41
  • Acid: 0.27
  • pH: 3.91
  • SG: 1.044
  • oBrix 11.5

Harvest: 10/19

Bloom: 5/24

Bloom Density: 3.4

Productivity rating: 2.9

Fruit size: 2.59

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 279

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Bittersweet

Origin France

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106, M9

Virginia Crab, Hewes

Bittersharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color gold, mild to moderately bitter. Lemony bright apple flavor with banana, pear & butterscotch notes. Full bodied with white wine intensity and a nice soft astringent finish. Possible varietal or acid addition to a blend.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.19
  • Acid: 0.91
  • pH: 3.29
  • SG: 1.060
  • oBrix 14.8

Harvest: 8/31

Bloom: 4/19

Bloom Density: 4.6

Productivity rating: 3.9

Fruit size: 1.55

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 282

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 1.0
  • Growth Habit: Upright
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Bittersharp

Origin USA, early colonial

Notes: Rootstock/s M9

Whidbey

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

Not yet evaluated. 

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.12
  • Acid: 0.69
  • pH: 3.46
  • SG: 1.049
  • oBrix 11.9

Harvest: 9/18

Bloom: 5/7

Bloom Density: 3.7

Productivity rating: 3.8

Fruit size: 3.08

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 282

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 2.5
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Semi alternate


Sharp

Origin USA?

Notes: Rootstock/s

Yarlington Mill

Bittersweet

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Not yet evaluated.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.21
  • Acid: 0.23
  • pH: 4.10
  • SG: 1.048
  • oBrix 11.9

Harvest: 9/26

Bloom: 5/13

Bloom Density: 3.7

Productivity rating: 3.7

Fruit size: 2.74

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 239

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Standard
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: No


Bittersweet

Origin England

Notes: Rootstock/s MM.106

Zabergau Reinette

Sharp

Cider sensory evaluation:

 Color light gold, moderately sharp. Light bodied & wine like with an even mouth feel.

Short, slightly bitter finish, somewhat more complex than most dessert apple ciders. Good blending apple.

Juice characteristics –

  • Tannin: 0.12
  • Acid: 0.79
  • pH: 3.46
  • SG: 1.057
  • oBrix 13.4

Harvest: 9/25

Bloom: 5/2

Bloom Density: 3.9

Productivity rating: 3.8

Fruit size: 3.41

Juice Yield (mL/lb): 252

Growth habit & characteristics –

  • Bearing: Semi Spur
  • Blind Wood: 2.0
  • Growth Habit: Semi Spreading
  • Alternate Bearing: Yes


Sharp

Origin Germany

Notes: Rootstock/s M9