Skip to main content Skip to navigation

Resources and Publications




  • Costs and Profitability for Mechanized Pruning and Harvest in Two Cider Apple Orchard Systems. Galinato, S., A. Kendall, and C. Miles. 2022. HortTechnology 32: 275-287.
  • Summer Mechanical Hedging to Prune Eight Cider Apple Cultivars. Kendall, A., T. Alexander, G. LaHue, and C. Miles. 2022. HortTechnology 32: 313-320.
  • Reduced irrigation conserves water and maintains yield for three cider apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) cultivars. Kendall, A., C.A. Miles, T.R. Alexander, E. Scheenstra, and G.T. LaHue. 2022. HortTech, 57(1):118-125.
  • Comparison of the Phenolic Profiles of Juice and Cider Derived from Machine- and Hand-harvested ‘Brown Snout’ Cider Apple (Malus domestica sp.) in Northwest Washington. Alexander, T.R., T.S. Collins, and C.A. Miles. 2019. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 18-3385:under review.
  • A review of Neofabraea malicorticis biology and management of anthracnose canker in apple orchards in the maritime Pacific Northwest, Garton, Whitney J., Lisa W. DeVetter, Mark Mazzola, and Carol A. Miles. 2018. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc.72(2):113-121.
  • Efficacy of Excision, Cauterization, and Fungicides for Management of Apple Anthracnose Canker in Maritime Climate. Garton, W.J., M. Mazzola, T.R. Alexander and C.A. Miles. 2018. HortTechnology 28(6):728-736.
  • Efficacy of Fungicide Treatments for Control of Anthracnose Canker in Young Cider Apple Trees in Western Washington. Garton, W.J., M. Mazzola, N. Dasgupta , T.R. Alexander and C.A. Miles. 2018.  HortTechnology 30(1):in press.
  • Sensory Comparison of Ciders Produced from Machine- and Hand-harvested ‘Brown Snout’ Specialty Cider Apples Stored at Ambient Conditions in Northwest Washington. Alexander, T.R, C.F. Ross, E.A. Walsh, and C.A. Miles. 2017. HortTechnology 28(1):35-43.
  • Evaluation of flower, fruit, and juice characteristics of a multinational collection of cider apple cultivars grown in the U.S. Pacific Northwest. Miles, C., J. King, T.R. Alexander and E. Scheenstra. 2017. HortTechnology 27(3):431-439.
  • Regional variation in juice quality characteristics of four cider apple (Malus × domestica Borkh.) cultivars in northwest and central Washington. (PDF), Alexander, T.R., J. King, A. Zimmerman, and C.A. Miles. 2016. HortScience 51(12):1498-1502.
  • Yield, fruit damage, yield loss and juice quality characteristics of machine and hand harvested ‘Brown Snout’ specialty cider apple stored at ambient conditions in northwest WA. Alexander, T.R., J. King, E. Scheenstra, and C.A. Miles. 2016. HortTechnology 26(5):614-619.
  • Yield, labor, and fruit and juice quality characteristics of machine and hand-harvested ‘Brown Snout’ specialty cider apple. Miles, C.A. and J. King. 2014. HortTechnology 24(5):519-526.
  • WSU Mount Vernon NWREC Annual Report 2011:  Hard Cider. Annual report on the first trial of mechanical harvest at WSU Mount Vernon (PDF). Miles, C.A.,  J. Roozen, A. Zimmerman, K. Hasenoehrl, and J. King. 2011.


Extension Videos

Fact Sheets

Additional Resources

Apple Cultivar Identification

Our pages provide links to external sites for the convenience of users. WSU Extension does not manage these external sites, nor does Extension review, control, or take responsibility for the content of these sites. These external sites do not implicitly or explicitly represent official positions and policies of WSU Extension.